Kowloon-Canton Terminus Station, Hong Kong (1916)
The Tsim-Sha-Tsui Terminal building was built in the British section of the Kowloon-Canton Railway on reclaimed land, overlooking the Victoria Harbour. It was the Asiatic terminus of the line from Calais across the Continent, Siberia, Manchuria to Hong Kong.
Hubback’s Official Post/Role: F.M.S Government Architect A.B Hubback F.R.I.B.A.
His professional services was provided by courtesy of the FMS Government. Design fees was $5000, exclusive of travelling and accommodation expenses to the Colony during his study visit.
Year Designed: indeterminate
Laying of foundations: 1913.
World War I caused fittings and fixtures from Britain to be delayed.
Completion of clock tower: 1915 (only with one side of a clock until 1921
Station's official opening: 28 March 1916
Architectural Style: Edwardian Classical Revival
Brief Architectural Description: Red Canton brick facing with columns and dressing in local grey granite on external walls.
Ground floor accommodation: Customs, Examination Hall, Concourse and Booking Offices, Lavatories, Refreshment Rooms and Station Offices.
1st floor accommodation: Railway Administration Offices
The building was demolished in 1977/78, with the exception of the Clock Tower which remains at its old site. At present, the Hong Kong Space Museum, Hong Kong Museum of Art and Hong Kong Cultural Centre sits on the station’s former ground.
Original Use: Train Station
Original Building Type: Terminal
Current State: Expunged except for its Clock Tower
Current Use: Clock Tower
Current Building Use: Clock Tower / Monument
Declared Monument of Hong Kong (1990)
Gazetted Name: Former Kowloon-Canton Railway Clock Tower, Tsim Sha Tsu
Building News, 31 November 1913
Kowloon-Canton Railway, British Section, Terminal Station, Kowloon
This terminus is in course of construction on Kowloon Point on the mainland, opposite the Island of Hong Kong, for the British Section of the Kowloon Canton Railway. The accommodation provided by this station comprises Customs, Examination Hall, concourse and booking offices, lavatories, refreshment rooms and the usual station offices on the ground floor. The whole of the railway administration offices are on the first floor. The fact that the whole of the site is reclamation ground has made the foundation very expensive, and expenditure had, therefore, to be curtailed on the building itself. The bricks used for facing are red Canton bricks, and columns and dressings are in a local grey granite. When the main lines in China are linked up this station will be the Asiatic terminus of the line from Calais across the Continent, Siberia, Manchuria to Hong Kong. The architect is Mr. Arthur B. Hubback, F.R.I.B.A, Government Architect to the Federated Malay States, who was specially engaged by the Government of Hong Kong.
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Benison_Hubback#/media/File:KCR_1914.jpeg. Original Source: Hong Kong Library MMIS
Source: Building News 1913. Copyright-image restitution a collaborative of of Mi+Ra.